[1]F. Lastname, Title of Case Study. City, State, Country: Publisher, Month Day, Year.

[2]F. Lastname, "Title of Casy Study," Title of Publication, volume, number, Page(s), Month Day, Year. [Online]. Available: URL

In-text: In-text citations are treated as if they were footnotes and are enclosed in square brackets [1].


[1]S. Rosegrant and D. Leonard, Wal-Mart's Response to Hurricane Katrina: Striving for a Public-Private Partnership. Boston, MA, USA: Harvard Business Publishing, Aug. 28, 2007.

[2]H. Suitt, "Blogger in their midst," Harvard Business Review, vol. 81, no. 9, pp. 30-40, Sep. 2003. [Online]. Available:


Cite standalone case studies as you would a book as in the first example. If the case study was published in a periodical such as Harvard Business Review, cite the case study as you would a journal or magazine article as in the second example. The title of case studies in periodicals should appear in sentence case (i.e. only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns), while the title of standalone case studies or the periodical itself should appear in title case (i.e. capitalize each word) (p. 39, "Periodicals: Basic Format," 1). IEEE recommends abbreviating periodical titles when appropriate. For a list of common abbreviations see IEEE p. 40-52. For URLs, provide the link to the publisher's website whenever possible, not the link to the library database as per APA style (see pg. 38, "On-Line Sources"). If your only option is to provide the link to the database, provide the name of the database in place of the URL (see p. 40, "U.S. Government Documents: Example," 1).

Questions? Contact an RIT Librarian at

IEEE - Adapted from: Books (p. 35); Periodicals (p. 39)