[1]F. Lastname, "Title of entry," in Title of Work, F. Lastname, Ed., edition. City, State, Country: Publisher, Month Day, Year, Page(s). [Online]. Available: URL, Accessed on: Month Day Year.

In-text: In-text citations are treated as if they were footnotes and are enclosed in square brackets [1].


[1]"Sustainability," in Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press, Mar. 2012, def. 2. [Online]. Available:

[2]"The Walking Dead (TV series)," in Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, Accessed on: Dec. 12, 2017. [Online]. Available:

[3]M. Jackson, "Copyright," in Encyclopedia of Communication and Information, J. R. Schement, Ed. New York, NY, USA: Macmillan Reference, 2002, pp. 193-196. [Online]. Available: Gale Virtual Reference Library.


Consider including an access date for online materials, especially if you do not know the date of publication; when the access date is used in place of the date of publication, place it immediately after the publisher preceded by a comma as in the second example (see p. 39, "Books, Monographs: Examples," 4). The title of the entry should appear in sentence case (i.e. only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns), while the title of the work as a whole should appear in title case (i.e. capitalize each word) (see p. 39, "Periodicals: Basic Format," 1). If you are citing an online-only resource and do not know the publisher, omit the publisher information and place a comma between the title of the website and the date. For URLs, provide the link to the publisher's website whenever possible, not the link to the library database as per APA style (see pg. 38, "On-Line Sources"). If your only option is to provide the link to the database, provide the name of the database in place of the URL (see p. 40, "U.S. Government Documents: Example," 1). If you need to point to a specific part of the text (i.e. the second definition in a dictionary), you can include this after the year of publication as in the first example (see p. 38, "Books, Monographs: Online Basic Format").

Questions? Contact an RIT Librarian at

IEEE - Books (p. 35); Books, Monographs (p. 38- 39)