[1]F. Lastname [Username], "Title of episode or clip," Title of Series or Title of Website. City, State, Country: Producer, Month Day Year. [Video recording]. Available: URL or Database Name


[1]Emergency Awesome, "Gotham season 2 preview: Batman villains rise," YouTube, Jul. 21, 2015. [Video recording]. Available:, Accessed on: Dec. 12, 2017.

[2]F. Davidson, prod. and J. Davidson, dir., Building Mathematical Competencies in Early Childhood. San Francisco, CA, USA: Davidson Films, 2012. [Video recording]. Available: Films on Demand.

[3]R. Young, dir., "The trouble with chicken," on Frontline. Boston, MA, USA: PBS, May 12, 2015. [Video recording]. Available:


Begin the citation with the name of the person primarily responsible for the content (e.g. host, director) along with a descriptive title such as dir. for director. You may use the username of the person who uploaded the content if appropriate (e.g. YouTube); if you know the uploader's real name, use that instead and include the username in brackets as per APA style (see pg. 38, "On-Line Sources"). The title of the clip or episode should appear in sentence case (i.e. only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns), while the title of the series or website (e.g. YouTube) should appear in title case (i.e. capitalize each word) (p. 39, "Books, Monographs: Examples," 1). Use [Video recording] or another appropriate descriptive label to indicate that you are not citing a traditional text-based source. Consider including an access date for online content, particularly if the content might be removed or changed (see p. 39, "Reports and Handbooks," 2). If your accessed the film from a library database, provide the name of the database in place of the URL (see p. 40, "U.S. Government Documents: Example," 1).

Questions? Contact an RIT Librarian at

IEEE - Adapted from: Books (p. 35); Books, Monographs (p. 39); Periodicals (p. 39)