Welcome to the RIT Libraries Citation Style Guides! While writing proper citations is an important part of any research paper or project, it can be challenging to know how to get started. The citation guides below will walk you through the structure of some of the most common citations, providing examples, formatting information, and other tips to help you along the way. If you have any questions or need more information about a specific format, please consult the official manual for the designated citation style or contact an RIT Librarian at libraryhelp@rit.edu. If you don't know which style to use, remember to check your syllabus or contact your professor.

NOTE: The RIT Citation Guides are out of date. If you need to use the latest edition for a style, refer to the most current edition of the style manual. APA, IEEE and MLA provide examples of their most frequently used citation formats for free on their sites. Links provided below. Free access may change without notice. Check the library catalog to see which manuals are available in print. APA's manual is titled Publication manual of the American Psychological Association : the official guide to APA style. MLA's manual is titled MLA Handbook. IEEE does not publish a guide beyond what they make available on their website.

APA Reference Examples

IEEE Editorial Style Manual with Reference Guide (look for PDF)

MLA Citations By Format

Questions? Contact an RIT Librarian at libraryhelp@rit.edu or chat with us.