What's in a URL?
Every web page has its own address called a Uniform Resource Locator (URL). Much like the address on an envelope with a name, street address, city, state, and zip code, each part of a URL provides information about the web page.
Move your mouse over the URL below and answer these questions:
- What's the domain name?
- What's the top domain name?
- What's a subdomain?
- What's the path?
HTTP stands for hypertext transfer protocol. It's the standard protocol for a web page.
This part is the subdomain. The most widely used one is www, but there are others, such as in http://library.rit.edu. Subdomains sometimes refer to an actual computer used to store the pages, but in most cases they are used to distinguish different sections of a website from each other.
This is the domain name. It usually contains the name, or abbreviated name, of the organization sponsoring the information. The top domain of this URL is .gov
This part is the document path. It shows the way the page is organized in relationship to the others, similar to the way you put files in folders on your own computer.
This is the file name. Capitalization and punctuation are important in the URL.