What is Fake News? 

The term "fake news" has become a frequently used phrase and is often in the "News".  But, what exactly is "fake news"?  The term "fake news" is typically used when describing fabricated news stories.  The term can also be applied to news outlets that present information in a biased manner.  It is important that we, as information consumers, understand what is true and accurate and what is not.  The definitions below have been adapted from http://www.opensources.co/.  They will help you better understand and navigate the wide array of information available.

Fake News: Sources that entirely fabricate information, disseminate deceptive content, or grossly distort actual news reports

Satire: Sources that use humor, irony, exaggeration, ridicule, and false information to comment on current events.

Bias: Sources that come from a particular point of view and may rely on propaganda, decontextualized information, and opinions distorted as facts.

Junk Science: Sources that promote pseudoscience, metaphysics, naturalistic fallacies, and other scientifically dubious claims.

Hate News: Sources that actively promote racism, misogyny, homophobia, and other forms of discrimination.

Clickbait: Sources that provide generally credible content, but use exaggerated, misleading, or questionable headlines, social media descriptions, and/or images.

Credible:  Sources that circulate news and information in a manner consistent with traditional and ethical practices in journalism (Remember: even credible sources sometimes rely on clickbait-style headlines or occasionally make mistakes. No news organization is perfect, which is why a healthy news diet consists of multiple sources of information).